Automobile and Auto Components Industry
There are more than 20 auto -component manufacturing companies in the State, manufacturing components such as grey-iron castings, precision aluminium castings, leaf springs,oils and lubricants, diesel fuel injection equipment, electronics and auto electronics and auto electrical, front axles, gears, forging, machined components, pressed metal components, pistons, cylinder liners, nozzles, delivery valves, starter motors, alternators, electronic regulators, high pressure die castings, clutch covers, fuel filters ,etc. The ideal places to locate companies in the Auto Sector are the Hyderabad-Zaheerabad, visakhapatnam-Kakinada, Krishnapatnam-Tada-Sathiveedu and vijayawada-Guntur corridors.
Most of these components are presently being supplied to Ashok Leyland, Honda, Tata, Suzki, Mahindra and Mahindra, Escorts, Kirloskar and Bajaj. Amaron Batteries are manufactured in Chittoor district. Around 119 components manufacturers have been certified for ISO 9000 quality standards and seven companies achieved the QS 9000 quality standard set by General Motors,Chrysler and Ford.
Bulk Drugs and Pharmaceuticals
Andhra Pradesh is well-known internationally for its skills in chemical synthesis and process engineering and its speed to market. The state is also poised for major strides in basic research. The State intends capitalizing on these strengths, acting quickly in the window of opportunity provided by regulatory change, to build a strong, globally competitive pharmaceutical industry.
The growth of pharmaceutical industry in the country due to availability of trained and skilled manpower, research and development facilities ( Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) and Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) ).
During 2000-01, India produced Rs.78.20 billions (US USD 1.66 billion ) of bulk drugs and Rs.183.54 billion ( US USD 3.9 billion ) of formulations of which share of Andhra Pradesh stands at Rs.21.700 billion ( US USD 462 million ) and Rs.54.05 billion ( US USD 1.15 billion ) respectively. With an annual growth rate of more than 20% and other proactive measures Andhra Pradesh is fast emerging as the pharmaceuticals capital of India.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the top most states in the country in the production of horticulture crops. It is due to its varied climatic conditions, such as tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate zones. In 1999-2000, the area of cultivation of horticulture crop was 126 million hectares with a production of 5.18 million tonnes. The state ranks first in production of mangoes (2.38 million tonnes) production and in production of citrus fruits (1.17 million tonnes.).
The value of processed fruits exports is Rs.240 million (US USD 4.8 million). The major destinations are: Malaysia, Singapore, Middle East, Netherlands, UK and Germany.
The state has good potential for horticulture processing units in view of good domestic and international demands for processed food. There are about 70 units in the organised sectors processing various fruits. There are 2 leading Mango Jelly processing units ( M/s Concept Foods, Hyderabad and M/s. Nutrine Confectioneries, Chittoor) beside 200 tiny units in East Godavari and Vizianagaram Districts, which are processing 6,000 tons of mangoes annually. 4 large, 15 small units and several women groups are producing pickles and chutneys.